Today in History: Today is Tuesday, July 20, the 201st day of 2021.
The highlight of today’s history:
On July 20, 1969, astronauts Neil Armstrong and Edwin “Buzz” Aldrin became the first men to walk on the moon after reaching the surface in their Apollo 11 lunar module.
To this date :
In 1917, the American World War I lottery began when Secretary of War Newton Baker, wearing a blindfold, entered a glass bowl and pulled out a capsule containing the number 258 in a ceremony inside the Senate building.
In 1942, the first detachment of the Women’s Army Auxiliary Corps – later known as the WAC – began basic training at Fort Des Moines, Iowa.
In 1944, an attempt by a group of German officials to assassinate Adolf Hitler with a bomb failed because the explosion only injured the Nazi leader. President Franklin D. Roosevelt has been appointed for a fourth term at the Democratic Chicago convention.
In 1951, King Abdullah I of Jordan was assassinated in Jerusalem by a Palestinian gunman who was shot dead on the spot by security.
In 1976, the American robotic spacecraft Viking 1 made its first landing on Mars.
In 1977, a flash flood hit Johnstown, Pennsylvania, killing more than 80 people and causing damage worth $ 350 million. The UN Security Council voted to admit Vietnam to the world organization.
In 1990, Supreme Court Justice William J. Brennan, one of the Court’s most liberal voices, announced he was stepping down.
In 2002, 29 people died in a fire started by bartenders playing tricks with the fire at an unlicensed nightclub in Lima, Peru.
In 2007, President George W. Bush signed an executive order banning cruel and inhuman treatment, including humiliating or denigrating religious beliefs, while detaining and interrogating terrorism suspects.
In 2010, the Senate Judiciary Committee voted almost completely along party lines, 13-6, to approve Elena Kagan as the fourth female Supreme Court justice.
In 2012, gunman James Holmes opened fire inside a crowded movie theater in Aurora, Colorado, during a midnight screening of “The Dark Knight Rises”, killing 12 people and injuring 70 others. (Holmes was later convicted of murder and attempted murder, and sentenced to life in prison without the possibility of parole.)
In 2015, the United States and Cuba restored full diplomatic relations after more than five decades of icy relations rooted in the Cold War. The UN Security Council has unanimously approved a landmark deal to curb Iran’s nuclear program.
Ten years ago: Six Republican presidential candidates tweeted during the first presidential debate conducted via Twitter, describing their agendas on the popular social media service. NBA star Yao Ming has announced his retirement in his hometown of Shanghai.
Five years ago: Undermining calls for Republican unity, Texas Senator Ted Cruz stubbornly refused to back Donald Trump as he addressed the GOP convention in Cleveland, triggering thunderous boos from angry delegates as he encouraged Americans to simply “vote your conscience” in November. A federal appeals court ruled that Texas’ strict voter identification law discriminates against minorities and the poor and must be weakened before the November election. Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan (REH’-jehp TY’-ihp UR’-doh-wahn) has declared a state of emergency for three months following a failed coup attempt.
A year ago: Scientists at the University of Oxford said their experimental coronavirus vaccine was shown in an early trial to trigger a protective immune response in hundreds of people who have been vaccinated.
Today’s birthdays: Actor-singer Sally Ann Howes is 91 years old. Author Cormac McCarthy is 88 years old. Former Senator Barbara A. Mikulski, D-Md., Is 85 years old. Artist Judy Chicago is 82 years old. Rock musician John Lodge (The Moody Blues) is 78. Country singer TG Sheppard is 77 years old. Singer Kim Carnes is 76 years old.
Rock musician Carlos Santana is 74 years old. Rock musician Jay Jay French (Twisted Sister) is 69 years old. Rock musician Paul Cook (The Sex Pistols, Man Raze) is 65. Actress Donna Dixon is 64 years old. Rock musician Mick MacNeil (Simple Minds) is 63 years old. Country singer Radney Foster is 62 years old. Actor Frank Whaley is 58 years old. Actor Dean Winters is 57 years old. Rock musician Stone Gossard (Pearl Jam) is 55 years old. Actor Reed Diamond is 54 years old. Actor Josh Holloway is 52 years old. Singer Vitamin C is 52 years old. Actor Sandra Oh is 50 years old. Actor Omar Epps is 48 years old. Actor Simon Rex is 47 years old. Actor Judy Greer is 46 years old. Actor Charlie Korsmo is 43 years old. Singer Elliott Yamin (yah-MEEN ‘) (American Idol) is 43 years old. Model Gisele Bundchen is 41 years old. Rock musician Mike Kennerty (The All-American Rejects) is 41 years old. Actor Percy Daggs III is 39 years old. Actor John Francis Daley is 36 years old. Dancer-singer-actress Julianne Hough is 33 years old. Washington Nationals pitcher Stephen Strasburg is 33 years old.